- Russet Burbank (Solanum tuberosum)
Russet, Netted Gem
ORIGIN: The origin of Russet Burbank was reported by Luther Burbank
in 1914 as being a chimera selected from the variety Burbank
by Lou Sweet. Lou Sweet was a potato grower in the western
of Colorado and was President of the Potato Association of America
CHARACTERISTICS: A late maturing variety that requires
a 140 to 150 day growing season to produce maximum yields and quality.
Yields are moderately high ranging from 250 to 600 cwt/A (28 to 67
t/ha). The cultivar is well adapted and primarily grown with irrigation
in the northwestern states of Idaho, Washington, Oregon, Montana,
and in Canada. It is also grown in several north-central and mid-western
Plants are vigorous, spreading and have an indeterminate
type of growth. Stems are thick, prominently angled and finely mottled.
Leaflets are long, medium in width and light to medium green in color.
The blossoms are few, white and not fertile. Tubers are large, long
and cylindrical or slightly flattened with russeted skin. They eyes
are shallow and the flesh is white.
STRENGTHS & WEAKNESSES: The variety
is the standard for excellent baking and processing quality. The
cultivar is tolerant to common scab but is susceptible to Fusarium
and Verticillium wilts, leafroll and net necrosis and virus Y. Jelly-end
and sugar-end develop in tubers when plants are subjected to stress.
Plants require conditions of high and uniform soil moisture and controlled
nitrogen fertility to produce tubers free from knobs, pointed ends
and dumbbells. It is a good long-term storage potato for tablestock